A laser is a device that uses light energy to perform work. Lasers are unique because they can treat targeted tissue while leaving surrounding tissue unaffected. It is this property among others that allow the dentist to perform very precise procedures. In addition, lasers may seal off blood vessels and nerve endings during a procedure lessening bleeding, postoperative pain and swelling. In many cases due to their gentle and precise nature lasers are used with little or no anesthetic.
Soft Tissue Laser Dentistry
Lasers can be used for many soft tissue procedures. These procedures include:
- Reshaping or removing gum tissue (Gingivectomy). These may be done for periodontal or esthetic reasons or in order to gain access to decay. Soft tissue reshaping may be done to gain proper shapes and forms for teeth and restorations.
- Clipping muscle attachments (Frenectomy). This procedure may be used to remove an attachment that is interfering with normal speech or causing excessive soft tissue loss around teeth.
- Removing soft tissue growths (Fibroma removals, Hemangioma removals). This procedure is used to remove excess tissue or growths that may be an esthetic or functional issue.
- Gently removing swollen tissues (Gingivoplasty). This procedure is used to remove excess tissue caused by systemic disease, medication or poor oral hygiene.
- Treatment of Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease). After removing the tartar and calculus deposits around your teeth, the laser is used to selectively removed disease or infected tissues lining the pockets around your teeth. At the same time the laser will kill the bacteria that cause your gum disease and promote healing of your gums around your teeth.